In this typical times, when our education system is facing an extreme tough situation due to COVID-19, a good news coming in as Government of India on 29th July, 2020, replaced a 34-year-old National Policy on Education with the New Education Policy 2020. The new education policy 2020, affirmed by the association bureau, makes clearing changes in school and higher education. Let us have a close look to what actually this Education policy is? and various amendments made by the government to ensure the quality education system from now on wards.
What is New Education policy 2020 (NEP)?
Every country has its Education policy. NEP refers to the New Education Policy 2020 adopted by the Government of India. It was last drafted in 1986 and refreshed in 1992.
New system of education
The 10+2 framework will be isolated into 5+3+3+4 arrangement. The new education policy 2020 changes the school instruction framework to 5+3+3+4 arrangement. This implies the initial five years of the school will contain the establishment stage including three years of Pre-elementary school and classes 1 and class 2. The following three years will be partitioned into a preliminary stage from classes 3 to 5. Later three years of center stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of optional stage (classes 9 to 12). Schools won’t have any rigid formation of streams, like arts, commerce, science. students can take up whichever courses they wish.
% GDP Quota to Education
The Government has decided to spend 6% of the total GDP on the Education System in India. Previously, it was around 4.43% including state and central government. The hike is not quite decent, but something is better than nothing.
Regulation of Fees
We all know that, the fees of the private institutions used to be quite high. So the Government has decided to put the cap onto these private organizations so that these institutions could be accessed to people of any financial background.
Aim to hike GER to 50%
The government has aimed to increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio to 50% by 2035. To ensure the same, holistic education, and multidisciplinary education with flexibility of subjects are to be allowed.
Education organizations to be “Not to Profit” entities
All instruction foundations will be held to comparative principles of review and exposure as a ‘Not for Profit’ element. Surpluses, if any, will be reinvested in the education sector, as per new education policy 2020. There will be straightforward open disclosure of all these money related issues with plan of action to grievance-handling mechanisms to the overall public. All fees and charges set by private HEIs will be transparently and completely disclosed, and there will be no subjective increments in these fees/charges during the time of enrollment of any student
Formation of Self-Ruling body
A self-ruling body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be formed to give a platform to the free exchange of thoughts on the utilization of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration etc, both for school and advanced education.
One of the perpetual task of the NETF will be to sort emerging technologies based on their latent capacity and assessed time span for disturbance, and to present these analysis to MHRD. In view of these information sources, MHRD will officially recognize those advancements whose emergence demands responses from the education system. Content will be accessible in provincial languages also.
Amendments in School Education:
Coding from Class 6
Numerical reasoning, logical temper to be the part of course. Co-educational program subjects like sports, vocational, arts, commerce, science, everything will be at a similar level. Students can select courses as per their choice. Students to be permitted to take up coding from class 6.
Board exam pattern to get changed
Board exams to experience a huge change. Like Mathematics for CBSE, all courses are to be offered in two languages. The board exams across states to test application of knowledge and not repetition learning. Previously, various students mug up the things rather than have a better understanding of the topic. Now, this thing is going to be eliminated to give rise to the best brains.
Medium of Instruction
Education policy states that, “At every possible opportunity, the mode of guidance until at least Grade 5, yet ideally till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/nearby language/regional language. Thereafter, the home/nearby language shall continue to be taught. This will be followed by every public and private schools.
Three Language Policy
Sanskrit will be primary offerings in school as well as in higher education- including as one of the three language options in the scheme. Following a protest by political parties, the reference to Hindi and English in the draft new education policy 2020 (NEP) in regards to the three-language equation has been dropped from the final policy record. “The three languages learned by children will be the selections of States, districts, and of the students. But out of three, 2 must be of native to India.”
AI-driven analysis of performance of students
The report cards of students will be checked on by companions and teachers. Artificial Intelligence-based software shall be developed and utilized by students to help track their development through their school years based on learning information and intelligent surveys for guardians, students, and instructors.
Amendments in Board Exams
Board exams for Grades 10 and 12 will be continued, the current system of Board and entrance Examination will be reformed to wipe out the requirement for undertaking coaching classes. Board tests will be redesigned to encourage holistic education; understudies will have the option to choose any of the subjects to take Board exams, depending upon their personal interest. All students will be permitted to take Board Exams on up to two occasions during any given school year, one primary examination and another for development, whenever required.
Higher Education and UG Colleges:
Common Entrance examinations for all colleges
There will be a common entrance test for all higher education which will be held by the National Testing Agency (NTA). These examinations will not be mandatory and shall be optional.
UG colleges are to be more Autonomous
Students autonomy, academic, administrative, authoritative, and money related self-governance will be given to colleges, based on the status of their accreditation. India has more than 45,000 affiliated colleges.
College to act as Interdisciplinary course
Independent Higher Education Institutes and professional Education institutes will be developed into multi-disciplinary education. Specialized curriculum zones for impeded areas shall be set up. Govt also to set-up a National Technology Forum to grant information on the web.
Institutes to be Research oriented
By 2040, all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) shall aim to become multidisciplinary institutional organization, each of which will aim to have 3,000 or more student.
Music, Arts and literature are to be taught in all colleges
Departments of Languages, Literature, Music, Philosophy, Art, Dance, Education, Mathematics, Statistics, Pure and Applied Sciences, Sociology, Economics, Sports, Translation and Interpretation, and so on shall be set up and reinforced at all higher educational institutes.
Multiple exit option in degree course
The college degree will be of either 3 or 4-year duration, with different exit alternatives, as informed by the Education Ministry. After finishing one year, a student will get a certificate in a discipline, a diploma if a student leaves after 2 years of study, or a Bachelor’s certificate after 3-year program. The 4-year multidisciplinary Bachelor’s program, will be the preferred option and will be given a degree with research if the student undergo a project along with it.
Campus set up of Foreign Universities in India
World’s top 100 foreign universities are to be “facilitated” to manage in India. According to the HRD Ministry document, listing salient features of policy, “such (foreign) universities will be given special exemption regarding regulatory, governance, and content norms on par with other autonomous institutional bodies of India.”
To pursue research, student have to choose other option than MPhil as this option has been discontinued in the new scheme. And all the courses at UG, PG and PhD level to be interdisciplinary.
So these all were some of the important amendments made in New Education policy of India. How do you think it is going to be beneficial for our course structure. Do comment below in 2-3 sentences.